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Low-Level Laser Irradiation Promotes Prolieration and Differentiation of Human Osteoblasts In Vitro
Stein, A., Benayahu, D., Maltz, L., Oron, U.
Photomedicine and Laser Surgery 2005
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of low-level laser irradiation and differentiation of a human osteoblast cell line.
Background Data: It was previously found that low-level laser therapy (LLLT) enhances bone repair in experimental models.
Materials and Methods: Cultured osteoblast cells were irradiated using He-Ne laser irradiation (632nm; 10mW power output). On the second and third day after seeding the osteoblasts were exposed to laser irradiation. The effect of irradiation on osteoblast proliferation was quantified by cell count and colorimetric MTT (dimethylthiazol tetrazolium bromide) assay 24 and 48 h after irradiation.
Results: A significant 31-58% increase in cell survival (MTT assay) and higher cell count in the once-irradiated as compared to nonirriated cells was monitored. Differentiation and maturation of the cells was followed by osteogenic markers; alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteopontin (AP), and bone sialoprotein (BSP). A two-fold enhancement of ALP activity and expression of OP and BSP was much higher in the irradiation cells as compared to non-irradiated osteoblasts.
Conclusion: We conclude that LLLT promotes proliferation and maturation of human osteoblasts in vitro. These results may have clinical implications.
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